Sedimentary rocks can be dated using radioactive carbon, but because carbon decays relatively quickly, this only works for rocks younger than about 50 thousand years so in order to date most older fossils, scientists look for layers of igneous rock or volcanic ash above and below the fossil. This is the most widely used system for radiometric dating of sedimentary strata, because it can be used to date the potassium-rich authigenic mineral glauconite and volcanic rocks (lavas and tuffs) that contain potassium in minerals such as some feldspars and micas.
Sedimentary rocks cannot be dated directly using radiometric dating, which is based on the idea that when rocks are in liquid form, their radiometric clock resets this technique is generally used to date igneous and metamorphic rock, which are rocks that were once melted due to extreme heat and pressure.
The age of a sedimentary rock can also be constrained by dating metamorphic minerals in rocks unconformably beneath the sequence, thus providing a maximum age for the strata, or metamorphic minerals that have grown within the succession, thus yielding a minimum age. Sedimentary rock is typically composed of sediment like mud and sand that has changed into rock, usually formed under water examples of sedimentary rock are mudstone, limestone and sandstone the rate team found that, using the same method, radiometric dating of a volcanic rock layer at the top of the grand canyon produced a date of over 1.
If an igneous or other rock is metamorphosed, its radiometric clock is reset, and potassium-argon measurements can be used to tell the number of years that has passed since metamorphism carbon-14 is a method used for young (less than 50,000 year old) sedimentary rocks. Potassium-argon dating is a form of isotopic dating commonly used in archaeology scientists use the known natural decay rates for isotopes of potassium and argon to find the date of the rocks the radioactive isotope converts to a more stable isotope over time, in this case decaying from potassium to argon. Most sedimentary rocks are composed of pieces and parts of other rocks you could date them, but you would be dating the original formation of those rocks from which the pieces and parts (sediments) came from, not the time when the deposition of the sedimentary rock occurred.
Radiometric dating on metamorphic rocks (selfgeology) submitted 3 years ago by alliecat712 is radiometric dating possible on metamorphic rocks yes, it is some zircons (to give you a classical example) can grow or re-grow in metamorphic settings in simpler words they grow new rims, rims that can give you the age of one of the. Sr isotope dating of carbonates and calcareous fossils can be done in sedimentary rocks radiometric dating of zircon and apatite can be done, but they suggest the age of the provenance. If a layer of igneous rock forms on top of the sedimentary rock, scientists determine an age bracket for the rock sample, but not an absolute age the us geological survey states that it is possible to use carbon-14 radiometric dating for sedimentary rock younger than 50,000 years by dating once living material from the sediment.
Geochronology is the science of determining the age of rocks, fossils, and sediments using signatures inherent in the rocks themselves absolute geochronology can be accomplished through radioactive isotopes, whereas relative geochronology is provided by tools such as palaeomagnetism and stable isotope ratios.